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What is Medical Science?
Medical science covers many subjects that try to explain how the human body works. Starting with basic biology it is generally divided into areas of specialization such as anatomy, physiology, and pathology with some biochemistry, microbiology, molecular biology, and genetics. Students and practitioners of holistic models of health also recognize the importance of the mind-body connection and the importance of nutrition.
Branches of medicine
There are many branches of medicine. Here are some of them.
Anatomy: This is the study of the physical structure of the body. Anatomy is a field of medicine that looks at the different parts that make up the body.
Biochemistry: A biochemist studies chemical components and how they affect the body.
Biomechanics: This focuses on the structure of biological systems in the body and how they work, using a mechanical approach.
Biostatistics: Researchers apply statistics to biological fields. This is crucial for successful medical research and many areas of medical practice.
Biophysics: This uses physics, mathematics, chemistry, and biology to model and understands the workings of biological systems.
Cytology: This is a branch of pathology that involves the medical and scientific microscopic study of cells.
Embryology: This branch of biology studies the formation, early growth, and development of organisms.
Endocrinology: Scientists investigate hormones and their impact on the body.
Epidemiology: Researchers track the causes, distribution, and control of diseases in populations.
Genetics: This is the study of genes and their impact on health and the body.
Histology: This involves looking at the form of structures under the microscope. It is also known as microscopic anatomy.
Microbiology: This is the study of organisms that are too small to see with the naked eye, known as microorganisms. Aspects of microbiology include bacteriology, virology, mycology (the study of fungi), and parasitology.
Neuroscience: Neuroscientists study the nervous system and the brain and investigate diseases of the nervous system. Aspects of neuroscience include computational modeling and psychophysics. Some types of neuroscience are cognitive neuroscience, cellular neuroscience, and molecular neuroscience.
Nutrition: Nutritionists study how food and drink influence health, and how they can help treat, cure, and prevent different diseases and conditions.
Pathology: This is the study of disease. A pathologist often works in a laboratory, where they do tests — usually on a sample of blood, urine, or body tissue — to help diagnose diseases and conditions.
Pharmacology: This involves the study of pharmaceutical medications, or drugs, where they come from, how they work, how the body responds to them, and what they consist of.
Radiology: Radiologists use X-rays and scanning equipment during the diagnostic procedure, and sometimes as part of treatment, too.
Toxicology: A toxicologist studies poisons, what they are, what effects they have on the body, and how to detect them.